Messier 49

From Ascension Glossary
Messier 49

Messier 49 (also known as M 49 or NGC 4472) is an elliptical galaxy located about 56 million light-years away in the equatorial constellation of Virgo. This galaxy was discovered by French astronomer Charles Messier on February 19, 1771. Messier 49 is positioned 4.1° west-southwest of the star Epsilon Virginis.[2] As an elliptical galaxy, Messier 49 has the physical form of a radio galaxy, but it only has the radio emission of a normal galaxy. From the detected radio emission, the core region is emitting roughly 1053 erg (1046 J or 1022 YJ) of energy.[3] Thenucleus of this galaxy is emitting X-rays, suggests the likely presence of a supermassive black hole with an estimated mass of 5.65 × 108 solar masses, or 565 million times the mass of the Sun.[4] X-ray emissions shows a structure to the north of Messier 49 that resembles a bow shock. To the southwest of the core, the luminous outline of the galaxy can be traced out to a distance of 260 kpc.[5] The only supernova event observed within this galaxy is SN 1969Q,[6] discovered in June 1969. This galaxy has a large collection of globular clusters, estimated at about 5,900. However, this count is far exceeded by the 13,450 globular clusters orbiting the supergiant elliptical galaxy Messier 87. On average, the globular clusters of M 49 are about 10 billion years old.[8] Between 2000–2009, strong evidence for stellar mass black hole was discovered in an M 49 cluster. A second candidate was announced in 2011.[1]

HGS Session References

HGS Sessions - Clearing Temple Mount, Jerusalem. - 3/20/2015 [2]


  1. Messier 49
  2. HGS Session

Found in HGS Manual on Page 108 Found in HGS Manual on Page 115