The Alhambra Decree (also known as the Edict of Expulsion; Spanish: Decreto de la Alhambra, Edicto de Granada) was an edict issued on 31 March 1492, by the joint Catholic Monarchs of Spain (Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon) ordering the expulsion of practising Jews from the Crowns of Castile and Aragon and its territories and possessions by 31 July of that year. The primary purpose was to eliminate the influence of practising Jews on Spain's large formerly-Jewish converso New Christian population, to ensure the latter and their descendants did not revert to Judaism. Over half of Spain's Jews had converted as a result of the religious persecution and pogroms which occurred in 1391. Due to continuing attacks, around 50,000 more had converted by 1415. A further number of those remaining chose to convert to avoid expulsion. As a result of the Alhambra decree and persecution in the years leading up to the expulsion, of Spain's estimated 300,000 Jewish origin population, a total of over 200,000 had converted to Catholicism to remain in Spain, and between 40,000 and 100,000 remained Jewish and suffered expulsion. An unknown number of the expelled eventually succumbed to the pressures of life in exile away from formerly-Jewish relatives and networks back in Spain, and so converted to Catholicism to be allowed to return in the years following expulsion.
The edict was formally and symbolically revoked on 16 December 1968, following the Second Vatican Council. This was a full century after Jews had been openly practicing their religion in Spain and synagogues were once more legal places of worship under Spain's Laws of Religious Freedom.
In 1924, the regime of Primo de Rivera granted Spanish citizenship to a part of the Sephardic Jewish diaspora, though few people benefited from it in practice. In 2015, the government of Spain passed a law allowing dual citizenship to Jewish descendants who apply, to "compensate for shameful events in the country's past." Thus, Sephardi Jews who could prove that they are the descendants of those Jews expelled from Spain because of the Alhambra Decree would "become Spaniards without leaving home or giving up their present nationality." The Spanish law expired in 2019 and new applications for Spanish citizenship on the basis of Sephardic family heritage are no longer allowed. However, the descendants of the Jews exiled from the Iberian Peninsula may still apply for Portuguese citizenship.
Church of Rome in Spain
Historical accounts tell us that in 1492 after an eight-month siege culminating into the last stand, the Nasrid dynasty’s Muhammad XII of Granada finally surrendered the Alhambra Palace to the military forces of Isabella’s Crown of Castile and Ferdinand’s Crown of Aragon. This effectively ended the Islamic rule in the Iberian Peninsula, where peace and celebration for the victory was very short lived, as the ambitious Catholic Monarchs and Cardinals were determined to cement their power as statesmen for the Church of Rome. The Catholic Monarchs Ferdinand and Isabella took the Alhambra complex to be their royal court and shortly after issued the Alhambra Decree, known as the Edict of Expulsion. Thus, the aggressive campaign of religious persecution to identify all heretics against the Church of Rome in Spain began with the Alhambra Decree, in which the inexpressible horrors of the Spanish Inquisition were carried out as an angelic human genocide in all Spanish territories and colonies.
The Spanish Inquisition was modeled upon the Medieval Inquisition formed within the Catholic Church whose outward public goals were to combat heresy, but more accurately were created to hunt down and destroy the groups that had the original Christos Essene Templar Law of One teachings taught by Yeshua the Christ. The Celtic Church and their Aryan teachers from Hyperborean lineages had long been a presence throughout the coastline of the Mediterranean, and the Alhambra Palace was another original temple site built for meditation with the Unis Mundi configuration in the underground caves and tunnel system. Thus, the first Inquisition was created through papal bull, issued by the Pope to attack the spiritual family of Cathars with the Albigensian Crusade in southern France. The Spanish Inquisition historical narrative focuses upon the expulsion of Jews and Muslims from Spain, but more accurately, it was the persecution of any religious beliefs outside of the Church of Rome as controlled by the Black Suns, with an emphasis on continuing the Blood Sacrifice human holocausts, while hunting down and destroying the Christos Essene Templars.